May 17 will mark the 60th anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, the landmark Supreme Court decision that put an end to state-sponsored racial segregation in public schools.
The question put before the court: "Does the segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race deprive the minority children of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the 14th Amendment?" (from Oyez)
The Warren court offered a unanimous decision (9-0) that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" and therefore violated the 14th Amendment. The decision overturned an early court ruling, Plessy v. Ferguson, that touted the maxim of "separate but equal" and allowed for state-sponsored segregation of education. Additionally, the decision was seen as a major victory for the civil rights movement and laid the groundwork for integration.
Check out these resources to learn more about Brown v. Board of Education: